By Daniel Defoe (1703)

1703 (D.Defoe)


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HAil ! Hi`roglypbick State Machin,
Contriv`d to Punish Fancy in;
Men that are men, in thee can feel no Pain,
And all thy Insignificants Disdain.
Contempt, that false New Word for shame,
Is without Crime, an empty Name.
A Shadow to Amuse Mankind,
But never frights the wise or Well-fix`d Mind:
Virtue despise Humane Scorn,
And Scandals Innocence adorn.

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Exalted on the thy Stool of State,
What Prospect do I see of Sov`reign Fate;
How th`Inscrutables of Providence,
Differ from our contracted Sence;
Here by the Errors of the Town,
The Fools look out, the Knaves look on.
Persons or Crimes find here the same respect,
And Vice does vertue of Correct,
The undistinguish`d Fury of the Street,
With Mob and Malice Mankind Greet;
No Byass can the Rabble draw
But Dirt throws Dirt without respect to Merit, or to Law !

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Sometimes the Air of Scandal to maintain,
Villains look from thy Lofty Loops in Vain:
But who can judge of Crimes by Punishment,
Where Parties Rule, and L[aw]`s Subservient,
Justice with Change of Int`rest Learns to bow;
And what was Merit once, is Murther now:
Actions receive their Tincture from the Times,
And as they change are Vertues made or Crimes.
Thou art the State-Trap of the law,
But neither canst keep Knaves, nor Honest Men in Awe:
These are too hard`nd in Offence,
And thouse upheld by Innocence.

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How have thy opening Vacancys receiv`d,
In every Age the Criminals of State ?
And how has mankind been deceive`d
When they distinguish Crimes by Fate ?
Tell us, Great Engine, how to understund,
Or reconcile the Justice of the Land;
How Bastwick, Pryn, Hunt, Hollingsby, and Pye,
Men of unspotted Honesty;
Men that had learning, Wit, and Sence,
And more than most Men have had since,
Could equal Title to thee claim,
With Oats and Fuller, Men of later Fame:
Even the learned Selden saw,
A Prospect of thee, thro`the Law:
He had thy Lofty Pinnacles in view,
But so much Honour never was thy due;
Had the Great Selden Triumph`d on thy Stage,
Selden the Honour of his Age;
No man wou`d ever shun thee more,
Or grudge to stand where Selden stood before.

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Thou art no shame to Thruth and Honesty,
Nor is the Character of such defac`d by thee,
Who is suffer by Oppressive Injury.
Shame, like the Exhalations of the Sun,
Falls back where first the motion was begun:
And he who for no Crime shall on thy Brows appear,
Bears less Reproach than they who plac`d `em there.

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But if Contempt is on thy Face entail`d,
Disgrace it self shall be asham`d;
Scandal shall blush that it has not prevail`d
To blast the man it has defam`d.
Let all that merit equal Punishment,
Stand there with him, and we are all Content.

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There would the Fame`d S [achevere]ll stand,
With Trumpet of Sedition in his Hand,
Sounding the first Crusado in the Land.
He from a Church of England Pulpit first
All his Dissenting Brethren Curst;
Doom`d them to satan for a Prey,
And first found out the shortest way;
With him theWise Vice-Chancellor o` th ` Press,
Who, tho`our Printers Licences defy,
Willing to show his forwardness,
Bless`d it with his Authority;
He gave the Churches Sanction to the work,
As Popes bless Colours for Troops which fight the Turk.
Doctors in scandall these are grown,
For Red-hot Zeal and Furious Learning known;
Professors in Reproach and highly fit,
For Juno`s Academy, Billingsgate.
Thou like a True Born English Tool,
Hast from their Composition stole,
And now art like to smart for being a Fool:
And as of english men, `twas always meant,
They`r better to Improve than to Invent;
Upon their Model thou hast made
A Monster makes the world afraid.

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With them let all the States-men stand,
Who Guide us with unsteady hand:
Who Armies, Fleet, and Men betray
And Ruine all the shortest way.
Let all those Souldiers stand in sight,
Who`re Willing to be paid and not to fight.
Agents, and Collonels, who false Msters bring,
To Cheat their Country first, and then their King:
Bring all your Coward Captains of the Fleet;
Lord what a Crown`d will there be when they meet?

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They who let Pointi `scape to Brest,
With all the Gods of Carthagena Blest.
Those who betray`d our Turkey Fleet;
Or Injur`d Talmash Sold at Camaret.
Who miss`d the Squadron from Thouloon,
And always came too late or else too soon;
All these are Heroes whose great Actions Claim,
Immortal Honours to their Dying Fame;
And ought not to have been Denyed
On thy great Counterscarp to have their Valour try`d.

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Why have not these upon thy spreading Stage,
Tasted the keener Justice of the Age;
If `tis because their Crimes are to [o] remote,
Whom leaden-footed Justice has forgot ?
Let`s view the modern Scenes of Fame;
If Men and Management are not the same;
When fleets go out with Money, and with Men,
Just time enough to venture home again ?
Navyes prepar`d to guard th`insulted Coast,
And Convoys settl`d when Our Ship are lost.
Some Heroes lately come from Sea,
If they were paid their Due, should stand with thee;
Papers too should their Deeds relate,
To prove the justice of their Fate.
Their Deeds of War at Port Saint Mary`s done,
And set the Trophy`s by them, which they won:
Let Or [mon]d`s Declaration there appear,
He`d certainly be pleas`d to see `em there.
Let some good Limner represent
The ravish`d Nuns, the plunder`d Town,
The English Honour how mispent;
The shamefull coming back, and little done.

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The Vigo Men should next appear
To triumph on thy Theater;
They, who on board the Great Galoons had been,
Who rob`d the Spaniards first, and then the Queen:
Set up the praises to their Valour due;
How Eighty Sail, had beaten Twenty two.
Two Troopers so, and one Dragoon
Conquer`d a Spanish Boy, at Pampalone.
Yet let them Or[mon]`d s Conduct own !
Who beat them first on Shore, or little had been done:
What unknown spoils from thence are come,
How much was brought away, How little Home.
If all the Thieves should on thy Scaffold stand
Who rob`d their Masters in Command:
The Multitude would soon outdo
The city Crouds of Lord mayor Show.

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Upon thy Penitential stools,
Some people should be plac`d for Fools;
As some for Instance who while they look on;
See others plunder all, and they get none.
Next the Lieutnant General,
To get the Devill, lost the De`ll and all;
And he some little badge should bear,
Who ought, in Justice to have hang`d `em there:
This had his Honour more maintain`d
Than all the Spoils at Vigo gain`d

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Then Clap thy Wooden Wings for joy,
And greet the men of Great Employ;
The Authors of the Nations discontent,
And Scandal of a Christian Government.
Jobbers, and Brookers of the City Stocks,
With forty Thousand Tallies at their backs;
Who make our Banks and Companies obey,
Or sink `em all the shortest way.
Th`IntrinsickValue of our Stocks,
Is stated in their Calculating Books;
Th`Imaginary Prizes rise and fall,
As they Command who toss the Ball;
Let `em upon thy lofty Turrets stand,
With Bear-skins on the back, Debentures in the hand,
And write in Capitals upon the Post,
That here they should remain
Till this AEnigma they explain,
How Stocks should Fall, when sales surmount the Cost,
And Rise again when Ships are lost.

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Great Monsters of the Law, Exalty thy Head;
Appear no more in Masquerade,
In Homely Phrase Express thy Discontent,
And move it in th`Approaching Parliament:
Tell `em how Paper were instead of Coin,
With Int`rest eight per Cent., and Discount nine.
Of Irish Transport Depts unpaid,
Bills fallse Endors`d, and long Accounts unmade.
And thell them all the nation hopes to see,
They`ll send the Guilty down to thee;
Rather than those who write their History.

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Then bring those Justices upon thy Bench,
Who vilely break the laws they should defend;
And upon Equity Intrench,
By Punishing the Crimes they will not Mend.
Set every vitious Magistrate;
Upon thy sumptuous Chariot of the State;
There let `em all in Triumph ride,
There Purple and their Scarlet laid aside.
Let no such Bride-well Justices Protect,
As first debauch the Whores which they correct:
Such who with Oaths and Drunk`ness sit
And punish far less Crimes than they Commit:
These certainly deserve to stand,
With Trophics of Authority in Either Hand

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Upon thy pulpit, set the Drunken Priest,
Who turns the Gospel to a baudy Jest;
Let the Fraternity Degrade him there,
Least they like him appear:
There let him, his Memento Mori Preach,
And by Example, not by Doctrine, Teach.
Next bring the Lewder Clergy there,
Who Preach those Sins down, which they can`t forbear;
Those Sons of God who every day Go in,
Both to the daughters and the Wives of Men;
There Let `em stand to be the Nations Jest,
And save the Reputation of the rest.

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A[sgi]ll who for the Gospel left the Law,
And deep within the Clefts of Darkness saw;
Let him be an Example made,
Who durst the Parsons Province so Invade;
To his new Ecclesiastick Rules,
We owe thew Knowledge that we all are Fools:
Old Charon shall no more dark Souls convey,
A[sgi]ll has found the shortest way:
Vain is your funeral Pomp and Bells,
Your Grave-stones, Monuments and Knells;
Vain are the Throphyes of the Grave,
A[sgi]ll shall all that Foppery save;
And to the Clergy`s great Reproach,
Shall change the Hearse into a Fiery Coach:
What man the Learned Riddle can receive,
Which none can Answear, and yet none Believe;
Let him Recorded, on thy Lists remain,
Till he shall Heav`n by his own rules obtain.

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If a Poor Author has Embrac`d thy Wood,
Only because he was not understood;
They punish Mankind but by halves;
Till they stand there,
Who false to their own Principles appear;
And cannot understand themselves.
Those Nimshites, who with furious Zeal drive on,
And build up Rome to pull down Babylon,
The real Authors of the Shortest Way,
Who for Destruction, not Conversion pray:
There let those Sons of strife remain,
Till this Church Riddle they Explain;
How at Dissenters they can raise a Storm,
But would not have them all Conform;
For there theire certain Ruine would come in,
And Moderation, which they hate, begin.
[Some Church-men Next should Grace thy Pews,
Who talk of Loyalty they never use:
Passive Obedience well becomes thy Stage,
For both have been the Banter of the Age.
Get them but Once within thy Reach,
Thou`lt make them practice, what they us`d to Teach.]

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Next bring some Lawyers to thy Bar,
By Inuendo they might all stand there;
There let them Expiate that Guilt,
And Pay for all that Blood their Tongues ha`spilt;
These are the Mountebanks of State.
Who by the slight of Tongue can Crimes create,
And dress up Triftles in the Robes of Fate.
The Mastives of a Governement,
To worry and run down the Innocent;
[The Engines of Infernall Wit
Cover`d with Cunning and Deceit !
Satan`s Sublimest Attribute they use;
For first they Tempt, and then Accuse;
No Vows or Promise can bind their hands:
Submissive Law Obedient stands,
When Power concurrs, and Lawless Force stands by;
He`s Lunatick that Looks for Honesty.]

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There Sat a Man of Mighty Fame,
Whose Actions speak him plainer than his Name;
In vain he struggl`d, he harangu`d in vain
To bring in Whbipping Sentences again:
And to debauch a Milder Government
With Abdicated kinds of Punishment.
No wonder he should Law despise,
Who Jesus Christ himself denies;
His Actions only now direct,
What we when he is made a Judge, expect:
Set L[ove]ll next to this Disgrace
With Whitney`s Horses staring in his Face;
There let his Cup of Pennance be kept full,
Till he`s less Noisy, Insolent and Dull.

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When all these Hereos have past o`er thy Stage,
And thou hast been the Satyr of the Age;
Wait then a while for all those Sons of fame,
Whom present Pow`r has made too great to name:
Fenc`d from thy hands, they keep our Verse in Awe,
Too great for satyr, and too great for Law.
As they their Commands lay down,
They all shall pay their Homage to thy Cloudy Throne:
And till within thy reach they be,
Exalt them in Effigie.

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The Martyr of the by-past Reign,
For whom new Oaths have been prepar`d in vain;
She[rloc]k`s Disciple first by him trepan`d
He for a K[nave], and they for F[ool]s should stand.
Tho`some affirm he ought to be Excus`d,
Since to this day he had refus`d;
And this was all the Frailty of his Life,
He Damn`d his Consience, to oblige his Wife.
But spare that Priest, whose tottering Consience knew
That if he took but one, he`d Perjure two:
Bluntly resolv`d he wou`d not break `em both,
And swore by G--d he`d never take the Oath;
Hang him, he can `t be fit for thee,
For his unusual Honesty.
Thou Speaking Trumpet of Mens Fame,
Enter in every Court thy Claim;
Demand`em all, for they are all thy own,
Who Swear to Three Kings, but are true to none.
Turn-Coats of all sides are thy due,
And he who once is false, is never true:
To Day can swear, to Morrow can Abjure,
Such without scruple, for the time to come,
May Swear to all the Kings in Christendom:
But he`s a Mad Man will rely
Upon their lost Fidelity.

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They that in vast Employments rob the State,
See them in thy Embraces meet their Fate;
Let not the millions they by Fraud obtain
Protect`em from the Scandal, or the Pain:
They who from mean Beginnings grow
To vast Estates, but God knows how;
Who carry untold Summs away,
From little Places, with but little Pay:
Who costly Palaces Erect,
The Thieves that built them to protect;
The Gardens, Grottos, Fountains, Walks, and Groves
Where Vice Triumphs in Pride, and Lawless Loves:
Where mighty Luxury and Drunk`ness Reign`d
Profusely Spend what they Prophanely Gain`d:
Tell`em there`s Mene Tekel`s on the Wall,
Tell `em the Nations`s Money paid for all:
Advance thy double Front and show,
And let us both the Crimes and Persons know:
Place them aloft upon thy Throne,
Who slight the Nations`s Business for their own;
Neglect their Posts, in spight of Double Pay,
And run us all in Debt the Shortest Way.

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Great Pageant, Change thy Dirty Scene,
For one thy Steps some Ladies may be seen;
When Beauty stoops upon thy Stage to show
She laughs at all the Humbles Fools below.
Set Sapho there, whose Husband paid for Clothes
Two Hundred Pounds a Week in Furbulo`s:
There in her Silks and Scarlets let her shine,
She`s Beauteous all without, all Whore within.

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Next let Gay URANIA Ride,
Her Coach and Six attending by her side:
Long has she waited, but in vain,
The City Homage to abtain;
The Sumptuous Harlot long`d t`Insult the Chair,
And triumph o `er our City Beauties there.
Here let her Haughty Thoughts be Gratifi`d
In Triumph let her ride;
Let DIADORA next appear,
And all that want to know her, see her there.
What tho`she`s not a True Born English Wh--re ?
French Harlots have been here before;
Let not the Pomp nor Grandeur of her State
Prevent the Justice of her Fate,
But let her an Example now be made
To Foreign Wh--s who spoil the English Trade.

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[Let FLETTUMACY with his Pompous Train,
Attempt to rescue her in vain;
Content at last to see her shown,
Let him despise her Wit, and find his own.
Tho`his Inheritance of Brains was small,
Dear-bought Experience will Instruct us all]

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Claim `em thou Herald of Reproach,
Who with uncommon Lewdness will Debauch;
Let C--- upon thy Borders spend his Life,
`Till he recants the Bargain with his Wife:
And till this Riddle both Explain,
How neither can themselves Contain;
How Nature can on both sides run so high,
As neither side can neither side supply:
And so in Charity agree
He keeps two Brace of Whores, two Stallions She.

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What need of Satyr to Reform the Town ?
Or Laws to keep our Vices down ?
Let `em to Thee due Homage pay,
This will reform us all the Shortest Way.
Let `em to thee bring all the Knaves and Fools,
Vertue will guide the rest by Rules;
They`ll need no Treacherous Friends, no breach of Faith,
No Hir`d Evidence with their Infecting Breath;
No Servants Masters to Betray,
Or Knights o` th` Post, who Swear for Pay;
No injur`d Author`ll on thy Steps appear,
Nor such as wou`d be Rogues, but such as are.

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The first Intent of Laws
Was to Correct th` Effect, and check the Cause;
And all the Ends of Punishment,
Were only Future Mischiefs to prevent.
But Justice is Inverted when
Those Engines of the Law,
Instead of Pinching Vicious Men,
Keep Honest ones in awe;
Thy Business is, as all Men know,
To Punish Villains, not to make Men so.

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When ever then thou art prepar`d
To prompt that Vice thou should`st Reward,
And by the Terrors of thy Grisly Face,
Make Men turn Rogues to shun Disgrace,
The end of thy Creation is destroy`d,
Justice expires of Course, and Law`s made void.

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What are thy Terrors ? that for fear of thee,
Mankind shold dare to sink their Honestly ?
He`s Bold to Impudence, that dare turn Knave,
The Scandal of thy Company to save:
He that will Crimes he never knew confess;
Does more than if he know those Crimes transgress:
And he that fears thee more than to be base,
May want a Heart, but does not want a Face.

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Thou like the Devil dost appear,
Blacker than really thou art by far;
A wild Chimerick Notion of Reproach,
Too little for a crime, for none too much:
Let none th`Indignity resent;
For Crime is all the shame of Punishment.

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Thou Bug-bear of the Law stand up and speak,
Thy long Misconstru`d Silence break,
Tell us who `this upon thy Ridge stands there,
So full of Fault, and yet so void of Fear;
And from the Paper in his Hat,
Let all Mankind be told for what:
Tell them `twas because he was too bold,
And told those Truths, which shou`d not ha`been told.
Extoll the Justice of the Land,
Who Punish what they will not understand.
Tell them he stands Exalted there
For speaking what we wou`d not hear;
And yet he might ha`been secure,
Had he said less, or wou`d he ha`said more.
Tell them that this is his Reward,
And worse is yet for him prepare`d,
Because his Foolish Vertue was so nice
As not to sell his friends, according to his Friends Advice;
And thus he`s an Example made,
To make men of their Honesty afraid,
That for the Time to come they may,
More willingly their Friends betray;
Tell `em the M[en] that plac`d hime here,
Are Sc[anda]ls to the Times,
Are at loss to find his Guilt,
And can`t Commit his Crimes.


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